How do these two types of virtualization differ? What are use cases for each?
Server Virtualization means virtualizing physical servers in your data center, which is usually being done by type 1 hypervisors like vmware vsphere, KVM or Xen based virtualization techniques. It is used majorly to better utilize hardware resources, reduce physical space required, reduce power & cooling costs, most importantly to maintain availability of services even if there is any resource failure.
Desktop Virtualization on the other hand is to virtualize the desktops of end users in the data centers. Actually there are few various ways & use cases. When you virtualize the desktops in a data centers, you call it VDI technology. There are many companies with their employees work on thin client like devices those are virtualized using VDI technology (like Eg. Citrix Xen Desktops). But now people wants to work across various devices (like Desktops, laptops, smart phones, tablets, etc), so VDI has improved multi fold over the years.
Another way to virtualize desktops is via products like Virtualbox, Vagrant or vmware Horizon) where many developers are taking advantage of working on multiple types of environments, OS platforms.
So, in a nutshell, when you are thinking about optimizing servers in your dc, you talk about server virtualization. & when you are thinking about optimizing the way employees work on various devices, you talk about VDI technology.
Team my answer, is a virtual server works like a traditional server, however, you can create the servers you need in minutes, whether in a physical environment, on a local network and in the cloud.
In virtual servers, users can have information and work with their physical PC.
A virtual desktop is a technology also derived from server virtualization, therefore it can be on virtual servers or in the cloud.
Virtual desktops, the user works in a separate session from a virtual server.
In this, you have saved your own profile and all your programs, files and applications that you need.
To access this virtual desktop, you just need to have on hand a device such as: PC, laptop.
I resend my answer.
Computer a virtual server works like a traditional server, however, you can create the servers you need in minutes, whether in a physical environment, on a local network and in the cloud.
To access this virtual desktop, you only need to have on hand a device such as: PC, laptop.