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Frank Yang
I work at a tech services company with 5,000 - 10,000+ employees.  We are currently researching EPP and EDR solutions. What are the main differences between EPP and EDR?  Thanks! I appreciate the help. 
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Real User

I think most of the comments cover all the key points.

EDR-End point Detection and Response.
Its main functions are: To monitor, record activity on endpoints, detect suspicious behaviour, security risks and respond to internal external threats.
Which further includes- Providing Authenticating log-ins, Monitoring network activities, and deploying updates.

Its Capabilities: 1. Continuous endpoint data collection.
2. Detection engine
3. Data recording.

It is considered as next layer of security

Its limitation:
No in depth visibility
IR team needs to deal with false alarm and have to handle restoring process.
Struggle to find the attackers who infiltrated for the damanage caused.
Not an holistic approach

EPP-End point protection platform.

Its functionality covers:
Data encryption
Personal firewalls
It works mainly on signature based approach and more broader detection techniques.
It is considered as first line defence.

Keeping in view of the above points currently Holistic Endpoints Security solutions approach is emerging ie EDR providers are incorporating aspects of EPP and vice versa resulting in considering EDR as a subset of EPP.

Examples of such products or tools
Symantec and Cynet.

I hope the above points cover the difference between EDR & EPP.

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Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) is a category of security tools that are designed to monitor and record activity on endpoints, detect suspicious behavior, security risks, and respond to internal and external threats.

EDR tools consist of three main mechanisms to fulfill this function:
• Continuous endpoint data collection—aggregates data on events such as process execution, communication, and user logins. This involves continually monitoring all events at the endpoints.
• Detection engine—performs data analysis to discover anomalies and detect malicious activity on endpoints. This step is crucial for sifting through events to identify genuine security incidents.
• Data recording—provides security teams with real-time data about security incidents on endpoints, which they can then use for investigative purposes. This can help inform endpoint protection strategies.

Incident Report teams still need to deal with multiple platforms and false alarms and to handle the restoration process themselves. IR teams often struggle to find the attackers that infiltrated the protection layers before they cause damage. To deal with all potential risks, a more holistic approach is needed, a platform which can be a solution to all types of threats. EPP (Endpoint Protection Platform) is the platform to achieve this goal.

Endpoint protection platform provides essential security for many types of endpoints, from smart phones to printers. An endpoint protection platform (EPP) is an integrated suite of endpoint protection technologies, such as antivirus, data encryption, intrusion prevention, and data loss prevention, that detects and stops a variety of threats at the endpoint.
An endpoint protection platform provides a framework for data sharing between endpoint protection technologies.

It might seem like the distinction between EPP and EDR is straightforward, but it is not that simple. Traditionally, EPP is defined as a first-line defense mechanism, effective at blocking known threats. While EDR is defined as the next layer of security, providing additional tools to detect threats, analyze intrusions, and respond to attacks.

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EPP (Endpoint Protection Platform) covers traditional anti-malware scanning. EPP is typically designed to reactively detect and block threats at device level e.g. antivirus, anti-malware, data encryption, personal firewalls, intrusion prevention (IPS) and data loss prevention (DLP) whereas EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response) covers some more advanced capabilities like detecting and investigating security incidents, and ability to remediate endpoints to pre-infection state e.g. EDR contains many security tools like firewall, whitelisting tools, monitoring tools, etc. to provide comprehensive protection against digital threats and allows for preparing an appropriate incident response. EDR is the endpoint which is responsible for proactive detection and response processes.

author avatar
Real User

Endpoint protection (EPP) usually means anti-malware, anti-spam, anti-phishing, etc. These are features prevent attacks without a detailed explanation of why EPP stops an action and how the attack is.

Endpoint detection and response (EDR) usually means how to record the attack in detail and provide certain remediation methods to recover the affected machines or files.

In other words. EPP shows “what and when”. EDR shows “why and how”.

author avatar
Real User

An EPP is a security platform WITHOUT the extended capabilities of fighting malware like a zero-day attack.

An EDR, on the other hand, is specifically built to handle this situation.

Almost all endpoint security manufacturers have this product capability today in their line and always the EDR component is an add on and is as or more expensive than the use system.

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EPP is focused on detecting malware, but EDR is focused on logging endpoint an event and this event is used for threat hunting or incident response. So you need advanced security analysts to get the desired effect.

EPP and EDR are not a completely separate solution. EDR is a core component of an EPP product. And many EPP vendors add EDR features to their EPP solution.

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The biggest difference is time frames. EPP is meant to PREVENT infection. EDR is meant to deal with endpoints once they ARE infected.

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EPP (Endpoint Protection Platform) covers traditional anti-malware scanning, whereas EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response) covers some more advanced capabilities like detecting and investigating security incidents, and ability to remediate endpoints to pre-infection state.

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